FAQ: Governing Laws and Rules


What laws govern the activities of county boards of DD?

County boards are bound to act within a wide variety of laws at both the state and federal level.  Laws provide the legal framework for county boards of DD. The Ohio Revised Code (ORC), which contains Ohio’s laws, is organized into 31 general titles broken into chapters dealing with individual topics. The chapters are further divided into sections that contain the text of individual statutes. The parts of the ORC that outline and define the Ohio DD system can be read online at http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/5126.

In addition to state laws, there are many popular laws at the federal level under which county boards must operate. Examples of such laws include:

There are also hundreds, if not thousands, of state and federal administrative rules that control how county boards of DD are authorized to serve people with developmental disabilities.  Administrative rules are decisions or rulings made by a state or federal agency that for all practical purposes have the same effect as laws passed by Congress. The only way administrative rules have the force of law is if the Ohio General Assembly or United States Congress delegated the administration and enforcement of a particular legal requirement to a state or federal agency.

In the State of Ohio, these administrative rules are maintained within the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC).  The primary parts of the ORC that govern county boards of DD can be read online at http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/5123. In addition, because children with developmental disabilities attend public schools, some of the laws governing the Ohio educational system also pertain to the Ohio DD system. The laws governing education of students with special needs can be read online at http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/3301-51.

For more information about the laws and administrative rules that govern county boards of DD, contact OACB Senior Policy Analyst Lori Stanfa at lstanfa@oacbdd.org.



This page was last updated on July 6, 2017.